How to Grow Guava

Guava, scientifically known as Psidium guajava, is a tropical fruit that is cherished for its unique flavor and numerous health benefits. Growing your own guava trees can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to enjoy fresh and delicious fruits right from your backyard.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of growing guava successfully. From selecting the right variety and preparing the soil to care for the tree and harvesting the fruits, you’ll find all the information you need to cultivate healthy guava trees.

Selecting the Right Variety:

Before you start growing guava, it’s essential to choose the right variety that suits your climate and preferences. Guava comes in various cultivars, each with its own unique characteristics. Here are some popular guava varieties:

  1. Tropical Pink: This variety is known for its sweet, pink flesh and large fruits. It thrives in warm, humid climates and requires a longer growing season.
  2. Red Malaysian: The Red Malaysian guava features red-skinned fruits with white flesh. It is highly productive and well-suited for subtropical regions.
  3. Pineapple Guava: Also known as Feijoa, this guava variety is valued for its aromatic fruit with a pineapple-like flavor. It can tolerate cooler temperatures compared to other guava varieties.

Soil Preparation:

Guava trees thrive in well-draining soil with a pH level between 4.5 and 7.0. Follow these steps to prepare the soil for optimal guava growth:

  1. Soil Testing: Conduct a soil test to determine its nutrient composition and pH level. This information will help you make any necessary amendments.
  2. Soil Amendments: If your soil is too acidic, add lime to raise the pH level. Conversely, if it’s too alkaline, incorporate organic matter such as compost or peat moss to lower the pH.
  3. Drainage Improvement: Guava trees dislike waterlogged soil, so ensure proper drainage by adding organic materials like compost or sand to improve soil structure.

Propagation Methods:

There are several methods for propagating guava, including seeds, cuttings, and grafting. Here are the steps for each method:

  1. Seeds:
    a. Collect ripe guava fruits and remove the seeds.
    b. Clean the seeds and let them dry for a day or two.
    c. Plant the seeds in a well-draining potting mix, keeping them about half an inch deep.
    d. Water the seeds regularly and keep the soil moist.
    e. After germination, transplant the seedlings to larger containers or directly into the ground.
  2. Cuttings:
    a. Take 6- to 8-inch-long semi-hardwood cuttings from a healthy guava tree.
    b. Remove the lower leaves and dip the cut end into a rooting hormone.
    c. Insert the cutting into a pot filled with a well-draining rooting medium.
    d. Place the pot in a warm, partially shaded area and mist the cutting regularly.
    e. Once the roots have developed, transplant the cutting into a larger container or the ground.
  3. Grafting:
    a. Select a healthy rootstock plant and a desired guava variety for grafting.
    b. Make a diagonal cut on the rootstock and the scion (cutting) of the desired variety.
    c. Join the two pieces together by aligning the cambium layers.
    d. Secure the graft with grafting tape or a rubber band.
    e. Keep the grafted plant in a warm, humid environment until it establishes.

Planting and Care:

Proper planting and care are vital for the healthy growth of guava trees. Follow these guidelines:

  1. Planting:
    a. Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball and incorporate compost or organic matter.
    b. Place the guava tree in the hole, ensuring that the soil level matches the top of the root ball.
    c. Backfill the hole and gently firm the soil around the tree.
    d. Water the tree thoroughly after planting.
  2. Watering:
    a. Guava trees prefer regular watering, especially during dry spells.
    b. Water deeply, allowing the soil to become slightly dry between waterings.
    c. Reduce watering during winter when the tree is dormant.
  3. Fertilizing:
    a. Apply a balanced fertilizer formulated for fruit trees in early spring and mid-summer.
    b. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding dosage and application.
  4. Pruning:
    a. Prune your guava tree during the dormant season to shape it and promote airflow.
    b. Remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches.
    c. Maintain an open center to improve sunlight penetration and fruit production.

Pest and Disease Management:

While guava trees are generally resistant to pests and diseases, it’s important to monitor their health and take necessary measures if issues arise. Here are some common pests and diseases:

  1. Pests:
    a. Fruit flies: Hang fruit fly traps or use organic insecticides to control these pests.
    b. Aphids: Spray a strong jet of water or use insecticidal soap to remove aphids from the foliage.
  2. Diseases:
    a. Anthracnose: Apply copper-based fungicides during the dormant season to prevent this fungal disease.
    b. Fruit rot: Avoid overwatering and improve airflow to prevent fruit rot.
    c. Root rot: Ensure proper drainage to prevent root rot. Use well-draining soil and avoid waterlogged conditions.


Guava fruits are ready to harvest when they have reached their full size and developed their characteristic aroma. Follow these steps for successful harvesting:

  1. Color and Aroma: The skin of the guava fruit should have a distinctive color based on the variety, such as yellow, green, or red. Additionally, the fruit should emit a sweet aroma.
  2. Gentle Pressure Test: Apply gentle pressure to the fruit. It should yield slightly without feeling too firm or too soft.
  3. Harvesting Technique: Twist the fruit gently or use pruning shears to cut the stem close to the fruit.
  4. Ripening: If the guava fruits are not fully ripe, you can place them in a paper bag with a ripe banana or apple to speed up the ripening process.

Growing guava can be a delightful and rewarding experience. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully cultivate healthy guava trees and enjoy the delicious fruits they bear. Remember to choose the right variety, prepare the soil adequately, provide proper care and maintenance, and address any pests or diseases promptly. With patience and dedication, you’ll soon be savoring the sweet and tangy flavors of homegrown guavas straight from your garden.

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