How to grow Kiwi tree

Kiwi, scientifically known as Actinidia deliciosa, is a popular fruit known for its unique taste and nutritional benefits. Originally native to China, kiwi has gained global popularity due to its vibrant green flesh, sweet-tart flavor, and high vitamin C content. Growing kiwi plants can be a rewarding experience, whether you have a spacious backyard or a small garden. In this guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of growing kiwi, from selecting the right cultivar and preparing the soil to care for the plant and harvesting the fruits. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy the satisfaction of cultivating your own fresh, delicious kiwis.

Choosing the Right Kiwi Cultivar

Climate Considerations

Determine your climate zone

Kiwi plants thrive in temperate regions, typically USDA hardiness zones 7 to 9. Ensure your area’s climate is suitable for kiwi cultivation.

Select an appropriate cultivar

Choose a kiwi variety that is suitable for your climate and has good disease resistance.

Male and Female Plants

Understand the need for pollination

Kiwi plants require both male and female vines for successful pollination and fruit production.

Preparing the Growing Site

Sunlight and Soil Requirements

Sunlight exposure

Kiwi plants thrive in full sun but can tolerate partial shade.

Soil conditions

Ensure well-drained soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 7.0. Kiwi plants prefer fertile, loamy soil.

Trellis or Support System

Install a sturdy trellis

Kiwi vines require a strong support system to climb and produce abundant fruit. Construct a trellis or arbor before planting.

Trellis design and spacing

Ensure the trellis is tall enough to support the mature height of the vines. Space the vines adequately to allow air circulation and sunlight exposure.

Planting Kiwi


Best planting time

Plant kiwi vines in early spring or late fall when the soil is workable.

Avoid extreme temperatures

Avoid planting during periods of extreme heat or cold.

Planting Steps

Digging the hole

Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball.

Soil amendment

Mix organic matter, such as compost, with the existing soil.

Planting depth

Place the kiwi plant in the hole, ensuring the bud union is at or slightly above the soil level.

Backfilling and watering

Fill the hole with soil, firm it gently, and water thoroughly.

Kiwi Plant Care


Regular watering

Kiwi plants require regular watering, especially during dry spells. Ensure the soil remains consistently moist.


Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds.


Nutrient requirements

Kiwi plants benefit from balanced fertilizers, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Fertilizer application

Apply fertilizer in early spring and again in early summer following the manufacturer’s instructions.


Pruning young plants

Trim back the vines during the first three years to encourage strong growth and establish a robust framework.

Maintenance pruning

Conduct annual pruning during dormancy to remove dead wood, maintain shape, and improve airflow.


Hand pollination

If the male-to-female ratio is not sufficient, manually transfer pollen from the male flower to the female flowers using a small brush or cotton swab. Gently transfer pollen from the stamen to the stigma.

Pest and Disease Control

Common pests

Watch out for pests like aphids, spider mites, and scale insects. Use insecticidal soap or natural predators to control them.

Disease management

Kiwi plants can be susceptible to diseases like root rot and powdery mildew. Maintain good airflow, avoid overwatering, and use fungicides if necessary.

Weed Control

Weed prevention:

Regularly inspect the planting area and remove any weeds that compete with the kiwi plants for nutrients and water.


Apply a thick layer of mulch to suppress weeds and conserve soil moisture.

Training and Supporting Kiwi Vines:

Training Young Vines:

Choose the strongest shoot:

Select the strongest, healthiest shoot and secure it to the trellis using soft ties or twine.

Remove competing shoots:

Prune off any additional shoots that emerge from the base to focus the plant’s energy on the main vine.

Pruning and Training Mature Vines:

Pruning for shape:

Prune the vines during dormancy to maintain a manageable size and shape. Remove dead, weak, or damaged wood.

Horizontal cordons:

Train the main branches horizontally along the trellis to encourage fruiting along the entire length of the vine.

Regular Maintenance:

Tying and supporting:

Regularly check and secure the vines to the trellis as they grow. Avoid excessive bending or breakage.

Removing suckers:

Remove any sucker growth that emerges from the base of the plant to maintain the vigor of the main vine.

Harvesting Kiwi:

Determining Fruit Maturity:

Color and texture:

Kiwi fruits should have a uniform color and slightly firm texture when ripe.

Taste test:

Perform a taste test by sampling a fruit to ensure it has developed the desired sweetness and flavor.

Harvesting Steps:

Use pruning shears:

Cut the fruit from the vine using sharp pruning shears, leaving a short stem attached.

Handle with care:

Handle the fruits gently to avoid bruising or damaging the delicate skin.

Storing and Enjoying Kiwi:

Short-Term Storage:

Room temperature:

Kiwis can be stored at room temperature for a few days until they are fully ripe.


To extend their shelf life, store ripe kiwis in the refrigerator for up to two weeks.

Culinary Uses:

Fresh consumption:

Enjoy kiwis as a healthy snack or add them to salads, smoothies, and fruit bowls.

Culinary applications:

Kiwis can be used in desserts, jams, sauces, and baked goods, adding a unique flavor and vibrant color.


Peel and slice:

Peel and slice the kiwis before placing them in a freezer bag or container.

Freezing duration:

Kiwi slices can be stored in the freezer for up to six months, making them readily available for future use.

Growing kiwi plants can be a fulfilling and enjoyable endeavor. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully cultivate your own kiwis, from selecting the right cultivar to caring for the plants and harvesting the fruits. Remember to provide the necessary support, maintain proper watering and fertilization, and manage pests and diseases. With patience and care, you’ll be rewarded with delicious, homegrown kiwis that you can enjoy fresh or use in a variety of culinary creations. Happy kiwi growing

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